What Is The Difference Between HAZWOPER and HAZMAT Training?
HAZWOPER 40 is also known as OSHA 40 Hour training. If you are looking for OSHA 40 we do offer it ,under the name HAZWOPER 40.
What Is The Difference Between HAZWOPER and HAZMAT Training?
Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response, commonly called HAZWOPER, generally refers to the act of handling, packaging, storing, and transporting hazardous materials.
HAZMAT (hazardous materials) refers to the hazardous materials themselves. These materials are any substance that may cause harm to the environment or to human life upon exposure, ingestion, inhalation, or assimilation (OSHA).
Who is Required to Receive HAZWOPER Training?
Exposure to hazardous materials can cause a variety of health and safety risks, including chemical burns, fires, explosions, and other toxic effects that may lead to death. Therefore, HAZWOPER training is required for any worker who is involved in:
- Clean-up operations
- Voluntary clean-up operations
- Emergency response operations
- Treatment of hazardous substances or uncontrolled hazardous waste sites
Additionally, HAZWOPER training is intended for:
- Employees who work in confined spaces
- Supervisory personnel who work with hazardous substances and chemicals
- Anyone who works in oxygen-deficient atmospheres
- Workers who complete tasks in areas with concentrations of toxic, corrosive, or asphyxiant substances that can cause death or adverse health effects, also known as Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health (IDLH) atmospheres
- Hazardous material technicians and specialists
More About HAZWOPER Training
The HAZWOPER standard applies to many different types of employers and their employees. Because there are so many employers, job sites, and covered employees, OSHA has created five groups based on similar worksite characteristics:
- Cleanup operations required by a government body involving hazardous substances are conducted at uncontrolled hazardous waste sites.
- Corrective actions involving cleanup operations at worksites
- Hazardous waste operations at treatment, storage, and disposal facilities (TSDFs).
- Operations that generate hazardous waste but are not TSDFs.
- Emergency response operations involve the release of a hazardous substance, regardless of where the release occurs.
The employees must be trained on their responsibilities under the HAZWOPER standard for each of these groups. Different levels of training apply to different employees depending on their specific job responsibilities. And for this reason, there are different HAZWOPER training. There are 8, 24, and 40-hour training for the HAZWOPER standard.
The 40-hour HAZWOPER training course is generally designed for working employees who are new to uncontrolled hazardous waste or emergency response operations. It includes workers such as:
- General site workers like equipment operators
- Anyone involved in on-site management
- On-site supervisors
The 24-hour HAZWOPER training is more appropriate for working employees who are unlikely to experience high-risk exposure hazards at uncontrolled hazardous waste operations.
HAZWOPER training expires every twelve months. Workers who have met their initial HAZWOPER training requirements must take the 8-hour refresher course each year to refresh their safety knowledge. The 8-hour course is designed to meet OSHA’s annual training requirement for hazardous waste operations and emergency response workers.
It is important to note that employers are the ones who ultimately decide what training their employees are required to take for their job tasks. They are also the ones who can decide if an employee is able to take the 8-hour refresher course or retake the 24 or 40-hour course at the end of the twelve months when their initial training expires.
What Is Covered in HAZWOPER Training?
HAZWOPER specifically addresses how to safely handle hazardous materials and how to properly clean up accidental releases of hazardous substances. But there are also other important operations involved in HAZWOPER training.
The 40 Hour Training
The 40-hour training contains a very detailed and in-depth look at HAZWOPER operations along with other important safety topics that are important to know in regards to handling hazardous substances. Some of the topics that are covered by the 40-hour HAZWOPER training include:
- Agencies and regulations
- Types of hazards
- Hazard communication
- Levels of protection
- Personal protective equipment (PPE)
- Materials Handling
- Managing Safety and Health
The 24 Hour Training
The 24-hour HAZWOPER training is not nearly as in-depth as the 40-hour but covers the same necessary topics. The 8-hour training course is simply a refresher course. Because of that, it covers points of information that are general but vital to help keep employees safe. The training topics that are covered in the 8-hour HAZWOPER training are:
- Detecting hazardous materials
- Site safety planning
- Hazard communication
- Levels of protection
Who is Required to Receive HAZMAT Training?
The Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR) require every HAZMAT employer to train, test, and certify every HAZMAT employee before their initial assignment. This includes any employees who are involved in HAZMAT handling, preparing, or responding to hazardous material leaks, spreads, spills, or incidents.
Importance of HAZMAT Training
It is important to note that safety training is required regardless of the industry, type of job, or learning topic. Safety should be the number one priority in any work environment.
Hazardous material and dangerous goods training ensures the health and safety of workers, workplaces, properties, and the environment. Each hazard comes with its own side effects and damage potential which further the need for training.
Whether you are an employee who handles hazardous materials or an emergency responder who is responding to a hazardous material incident, HAZMAT training is required. Receiving the right kind of training and learning the necessary information saves lives.
Factors of HAZMAT Training
Every facility is different in a variety of ways, whether that be due to their operations or the specific substances. Because of these many different factors, there are different levels of training and topics that are covered in the training.
Throughout the next couple of sections, we will discuss different factors for HAZMAT workers and for emergency responders who respond to hazardous material accidents.
For HAZMAT Workers
According to OSHA, a HAZMAT employee is defined as “a person employed by a HAZMAT employer and who… loads, unloads, or handles hazardous materials.” This also includes anyone who comes into contact with them while performing actions such as:
There are multiple actions and tasks associated with hazardous materials, which makes HAZMAT training even more necessary. Some of the topics that every type of HAZMAT employee is required to learn are the different classes of hazardous materials and the different levels of protection that should be used depending on the substance.
Hazardous Material Classes
There are nine different classes of hazardous material. Each class is a category of substances that were divided based on the physical qualities of the substance or material. Each of these nine classes is further broken down and organized into subcategories, but for the sake of this training, we will only be covering the general nine classes and their topics. These nine classes are as follows:
- Class One: Explosives
- Class Two: Flammable Gas
- Class Three: Flammable Liquid
- Class Four: Flammable Solids
- Class Five: Oxidizing Agents and Organic Peroxides
- Class Six: Toxic and Infectious Substances
- Class Seven: Radioactive Substances
- Class Eight: Corrosive Substances
- Class Nine: Miscellaneous (ranges from asbestos to self-inflating life rafts)
Another vital factor for hazardous materials relates to the protection needed for the employees who work with these substances. OSHA defines four HAZMAT protection levels identified by the letters A, B, C, and D. Level A offers the most protection while level D offers the least. The materials being handled play a part in the overall necessary level of protection.
Level A protection level, uses full physical isolation combined with full body and respiratory protection. This could involve a vapor protection suit with positive pressure.
Positive pressure simply means that air is pumped into the suit so that the air will expel outwards in case of a puncture, which prevents infectious substances from entering the suit.
Level A protection also includes a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA), chemical resistant gloves, chemical resistant safety boots, and a two-way radio communication system.
Level B protection is very similar to level A, except that a full-body suit provides splash protection but not protection against vapors.
Level C protection is the most commonly used protection level for most workers who work with hazardous materials in non-emergency situations (unlike emergency responders). During normal operations, hazardous materials levels are kept within the Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs) established by OSHA.
Level D protection is typical construction site gear. It includes coveralls, safety boots, glasses, and a hard hat.
Hazardous materials that are handled incorrectly or improperly transported, can pose a substantial risk to both human health and to the environment.
How effectively hazardous material-related incidents are managed and resolved, hinges on the knowledge, training, and skills of those responsible for responding to the accident.
Throughout the next section, we will examine the roles and responsibilities of the four HAZMAT response levels. The four levels are:
- Awareness Level
- Operations Level
- Technician Level
- Specialist Level
Each level requires a certain amount or specific type of training, which is why it is important to be able to recognize and understand these levels of response.
For responders working in awareness level roles, the chance of encountering the presence of hazardous materials is unlikely in their line of work.
In many cases, personnel at this level will be the first on the scene of a HAZMAT incident and specifically deal with the people rather than the substance. They are the ones responsible for taking charge of the initial protective actions which include:
- Making initial contact with any injured employee
- Isolating or evacuating the area
- Calling for specialist assistance
Among the expected competencies of an awareness level responder are:
- An understanding of what hazardous materials are and the situations and locations in which they are most likely to be present.
- The ability to recognize marking, placards, or labels that indicate the presence of hazardous materials.
- Familiarity with the documentation and resources used to identify hazardous materials.
Responders working at the operations level are expected to do as much as possible to mitigate the incident without having to set foot inside the hot zone (the area that contains hazardous materials).
The responsibilities of operation level responders include:
- Assistance in controlling and minimizing the spread of substance release
- Experience in basic air monitoring
- Technical and mass decontamination
- Assistance with evacuation and victim rescue
- Establishment of hazard zones
- Preservation of evidence
Responders operating at this level are generally highly specialized HAZMAT personnel who take an offensive-action role when responding to incidents.
A HAZMAT technician’s primary responsibilities include:
- The performance of advanced risk-based hazard assessment in order to analyze the scope of HAZMAT incidents
- Experience in the selection and operation of advanced detection, monitoring, and testing equipment
- The ability to select and use specialized PPE
- Selection of decontamination procedures and control equipment
The specialist responder is the highest level of a responder for HAZMAT incidents, with an in-depth and highly advanced level of scientific knowledge.
In many cases, they may be required to provide a more observational role. In other cases, however, they may take a more hands-on approach by working alongside HAZMAT technicians in the hot zone.
Choosing the Right Training
Depending on the work being carried out as well as what an employee is involved in when handling hazardous substances or waste, choosing the correct course may be a difficult task. Sometimes, to complete all the diverse training that standards require, employees may have to take both the HAZWOPER training course and the HAZMAT (call us to request that this training be built at (208)252-5331) training courses. This will ensure that training covers a variety of safety topics that are associated with hazardous substances.