The most common types of road work would include striping the roadway, maintenance on the median, taking care of the roadside grass, and pothole repair. Any tasks carried out for the betterment of highway maintenance or the traffic on the highway is considered road work.
The best way to stay safe in any work environment is to follow all the procedures and guidelines that have been provided to you. For example, if one of the policies is to always wear your high visibility vest so that oncoming traffic can see you, ensure that you are wearing it at all times. If you decide not to wear your bright neon vest, vehicle drivers may have a hard time spotting you, putting you at risk of an injury or accident.
The most common hazards associated with road work are traffic, overexertion, fatigue, and weather conditions.